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Refinement System

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Overview

Equipment in Ragnarok Online can be 'upgraded' or 'refined' by upgrade NPCs in each major towns to make them more powerful. All equipment has a maximum upgrade level of +20, starting from +0. +0 items do not have any prefixes, but once they are upgraded, the number of upgrade levels will be displayed on the equipment - e.g. +5 Stunner. Upgrades above +10 use a different system, and it is very unusual to see gear upgraded above +10.

Also, you can turn in Rough Oridecon and Rough Elunium to create single refined Oridecon and Elunium, which are needed for upgrading Lv. 3 / Lv. 4 weapons, items and armors, respectively. The Kafra Shop offers Enriched versions of these two ores, which, when used by a special upgrade NPC, increases the chance of successfully upgrading an item.

Upgrade NPC Locations

Upgrade Requirements

To upgrade equipment, make sure you have the following:

  • Equipment
  • Money
  • Reagent

Not all item types can be upgraded. The following item types cannot be upgraded:

  • Mid and Low Headgears.
  • Accessories.
  • Any items that are not equipment.
  • Any equipment that specifically says it cannot be upgraded.

Reagents and Cost

In order to upgrade, you need to provide a reagent in order to upgrade your equipment. Reagent required differs depending on weapon level of the equipment. As for armors, they all take same reagent regardless of type.

Money taken also differs depending on weapon level of the weapons.

Following list shows reagent + money required.

Equipment Reagent Fee
Weapon Lv. 1
1010.png Phracon
50z
Weapon Lv. 2
1011.png Emveretarcon
200z
Weapon Lv. 3
984.png Oridecon
5,000z
Weapon Lv. 4
984.png Oridecon
20,000z
Any Armor
985.png Elunium
2,000z

Notes:

  • If you use Enriched Oridecon or Enriched Elunium from the Kafra Shop, the cost stay the same.
  • If you use HD Ordidecon or HD Elunium from the Kafra Shop, the fee is always 20,000z.

Refining Rough Oridecons and Eluniums

When you collect 5 Rough Oridecons and Rough Eluniums, you can convert them into a single Oridecon or Elunium by talking to an NPC in the upgrade shop. Note that you can make only one pure Oridecon or Elunium each time you talk to the NPC. This service does not cost any Zeny.

Effects Gained

Weapons

An upgraded weapon will get the following bonuses (for conciseness, only ATK is written):

  • Level 1 - Every +1 upgrade gives 2 ATK, 0~3 ATK for every Over Upgrade pass the +7 Safety Limit, and 12 ATK for every High Upgrade pass +15.
  • Level 2 - Every +1 upgrade gives 3 ATK, 0~5 ATK for every Over Upgrade pass the +6 Safety Limit, and 24 ATK for every High Upgrade pass +15.
  • Level 3 - Every +1 upgrade gives 5 ATK, 0~8 ATK for every Over Upgrade pass the +5 Safety Limit, and 36 ATK for every High Upgrade pass +15.
  • Level 4 - Every +1 upgrade gives 7 ATK, 0~14 ATK for every Over Upgrade pass the +4 Safety Limit, and 48 ATK for every High Upgrade pass +15.
  • A +20 Level 4 weapon has its ATK and MATK increased by 380~604.

Notes:

  • The Over Upgrade bonus is random for every hit and gives a minimum of 0. This bonus is not shown on the Status Window or affected by the Maximum ATK from Critical Hit Damage and Maximize Power or the Maximum MATK from Recognized Spell.
  • All upgrade bonuses are cumulative so refining a Level 4 weapon from +15 to +16 increases ATK & MATK bonus from 105~259 to 160~328 (7 for the upgrade, 0~14 for the Over Upgrade and 48 for the High Upgrade).
Level 1 Weapons
Upgrade Lv. ATK & MATK Bonuses
Base Bonus Over Upgrade High Upgrade Overall Total
+1 2 - - 2~2
+2 4 - - 4~4
+3 6 - - 6~6
+4 8 - - 8~8
+5 10 - - 10~10
+6 12 - - 12~12
+7 14 - - 14~14
+8 16 0~2 - 16~18
+9 18 0~4 - 18~22
+10 20 0~6 - 20~26
+11 22 0~8 - 22~30
+12 24 0~10 - 24~34
+13 26 0~12 - 26~38
+14 28 0~14 - 28~42
+15 30 0~16 - 30~46
+16 32 0~18 12 44~62
+17 34 0~20 24 58~78
+18 36 0~22 36 72~94
+19 38 0~24 48 86~110
+20 40 0~26 60 100~126
Level 2 Weapons
Upgrade Lv. ATK & MATK Bonuses
Base Bonus Over Upgrade High Upgrade Overall Total
+1 3 - - 3~3
+2 6 - - 6~6
+3 9 - - 9~9
+4 12 - - 12~12
+5 15 - - 15~15
+6 18 - - 18~18
+7 21 0~5 - 21~26
+8 24 0~10 - 24~34
+9 27 0~15 - 27~42
+10 30 0~20 - 30~50
+11 33 0~25 - 33~58
+12 36 0~30 - 36~66
+13 39 0~35 - 39~74
+14 42 0~40 - 42~82
+15 45 0~45 - 45~90
+16 48 0~50 24 72~122
+17 51 0~55 48 99~154
+18 54 0~60 72 126~186
+19 57 0~65 96 153~218
+20 60 0~70 120 180~250
Level 3 Weapons
Upgrade Lv. ATK & MATK Bonuses
Base Bonus Over Upgrade High Upgrade Overall Total
+1 5 - - 5~5
+2 10 - - 10~10
+3 15 - - 15~15
+4 20 - - 20~20
+5 25 - - 25~25
+6 30 0~8 - 30~38
+7 35 0~16 - 35~51
+8 40 0~24 - 40~64
+9 45 0~32 - 45~77
+10 50 0~40 - 50~90
+11 55 0~48 - 55~103
+12 60 0~56 - 60~116
+13 65 0~64 - 65~129
+14 70 0~72 - 70~142
+15 75 0~80 - 75~155
+16 80 0~88 36 116~204
+17 85 0~96 72 157~253
+18 90 0~104 108 198~302
+19 95 0~112 144 239~351
+20 100 0~120 180 280~400
Level 4 Weapons
Upgrade Lv. ATK & MATK Bonuses
Base Bonus Over Upgrade High Upgrade Overall Total
+1 7 - - 7~7
+2 14 - - 14~14
+3 21 - - 21~21
+4 28 - - 28~28
+5 35 0~14 - 35~49
+6 42 0~28 - 42~70
+7 49 0~42 - 59~91
+8 56 0~56 - 56~112
+9 63 0~70 - 63~133
+10 70 0~84 - 70~154
+11 77 0~98 - 77~175
+12 84 0~112 - 84~196
+13 91 0~126 - 91~217
+14 98 0~140 - 98~238
+15 105 0~154 - 105~259
+16 112 0~168 48 160~328
+17 119 0~182 96 215~397
+18 126 0~196 144 270~466
+19 133 0~210 192 325~535
+20 140 0~224 240 380~604

Armors

Every upgrade increases Hard DEF by Floor[( 3 + Curr_Upgrade ) ÷ 4].

  • Every +1 upgrade at +1 ~ +4 increases Hard DEF by 1.
  • Every +1 upgrade at +5 ~ +8 increases Hard DEF by 2.
  • Every +1 upgrade at +9 ~ +12 increases Hard DEF by 3.
  • Every +1 upgrade at +13 ~ +16 increases Hard DEF by 4.
  • Every +1 upgrade at +17 ~ +20 increases Hard DEF by 5.

For Example: a +10 Round Buckler will have its Hard DEF raised from 90 to 108; [90 + (1 + 1 + 1 + 1) + (2 + 2 + 2 + 2) + (3 + 3) = 108].

Any Armors
Upgrade Lv. Equip DEF Bonus
+1 1
+2 2
+3 3
+4 4
+5 6
+6 8
+7 10
+8 12
+9 15
+10 18
+11 21
+12 24
+13 28
+14 32
+15 36
+16 40
+17 45
+18 50
+19 55
+20 60

Upgrades are useful, as for weapon upgrade, it increases damage the player can inflict. For armors, it reduces damage the player will take.

Safety Level

The Safety Level is the maximum level of refinement that can be given to equipment with guaranteed success (0% chance of failure). Anything past the safety level has chance to fail, and failure means your equipment will be permanently destroyed, including any cards and other enchantments it may have had. You won't be refunded Zeny and the ore used to upgrade if it fails. Give careful thought before deciding if you want to upgrade a piece of equipment beyond its safety level.

Equipment Safety Level
Weapon Lv. 1 +7
Weapon Lv. 2 +6
Weapon Lv. 3 +5
Weapon Lv. 4 +4
Any Armor

Breaking Protection

The more you get beyond the safety level, the higher are the chances that your equipment gets permanently destroyed, along with its cards or other enchantments. However, kafra shop items are available that allow you to upgrade items without risk of permanently losing the item.

HD Oridecon & Elunium and Mighty Hammer

HD Oridecon and HD Elunium can be used by talking to Mighty Hammer on the second floor of the Eden Group. Your gear must be +7 or higher in order to begin upgrading it with HD ores. However, if it subsequently falls below +7, as long as you do not exit the conversation with the NPC or run out of HD ores, you can continue to use HD ores to upgrade it without chance of breaking. It is recommended to have over 100 HD ores before you start trying to upgrade, and if you fall below 100 HD ores, you should stop upgrading once you get the gear back to +7, and go buy more HD ores before resuming upgrading attempts.

Enriched Oridecon & Elunium + Enriched Hammer

Normally, Enriched ores have a chance of breaking the item.

Periodically, on iRO, Enriched Hammer events are held. During these events, players can use Enriched Oridecon and Enriched Elunium by talking to the event NPC, Enriched Hammer on the second floor of the Eden Group. Enriched Hammer works exactly like Mighty Hammer does, only he takes more expensive Enriched ores, and his success rate is the same as Enriched ore, instead of normal ore. This makes upgrading significantly easier. It is recommended that you have at least 30 enriched ores before starting upgrading, and if you fall below 30 ores, you should stop upgrading when you get your gear back to +7 and buy more enriched ores before you resume upgrading.

Note: You cannot use Enriched Hammer to upgrade from +9 to +10[1]. To upgrade from +9 to 10 without any risk of destroying the item, you must use Mighty Hammer instead.

Safe to X Certificates

Between +4 and +7, you may upgrade without risk of breaking OR degrading, at a cost of 1 Safe to 7 Certificate of the appropriate type, and one Elunium or Oridecon. On a success, it gains 1 refine level, on a failure, only the cert and the ore is lost. The success rate is the same as normal upgrades. There are three types of certs:

These upgrades can be performed by Enriched Hammer or Mighty Hammer.
  • For the upgrade from +9 to +10, you may use a Safe to 10 certificate to attempt upgrading from +9 to +10. This has the same rates as doing so with HD ores, however the item will not degrade on a failed attempt.

Non-iRO Protection Items

On some servers outside iRO there are some protection items that not available in iRO:

  • Blessed Ores (Oridecon and Elunium): Similar effect with Safe to X Certificates with the difference the ores work between +6 and +12.
  • Guaranteed to X Certificates: Gives 100% chance when you upgrade the equipments until to +X stated. The equipment refined with the cert will continously refined to +X once you select to upgrade it. These certificatess can be the most expensive protection items compared to other ores and certificates above.

Upgrades beyond +10

As of the Renewal update, it is possible to upgrade equipment beyond +10, as high as +20. To upgrade beyond +10, the player must start with an item at +10 or higher.

To attempt to upgrade an item that is +10 or higher, talk to Bestry in the north room of the Prontera upgrade shop.
  • For armor, the player must have 100,000z and 1 Carnium.
  • For weapons the player must have 100,000z and 1 Bradium.

In the event of a failed upgrade attempt, the item may break, but more frequently, will lose three upgrade levels. The success rates of upgrading above +10 are very, very low, on the order of 20% for Level 1, 2 and 3 weapons and 10% on Level 4 weapons and armors.

It is possible to trade 3 Elunium or 1 Refined Bradium for 1 Carnium, and 3 Oridecon for 1 Bradium.

In all cases there is a 50,000z fee per exchange. The exchanging can be done by talking to Austry in the north room of the Prontera upgrade shop.

The Kafra Shop sells HD Carnium and HD Bradium, which can be used on the Dwarf Mighty Hammer in Payon or inside Eden Group. Failing will result in losing one refine level, instead of three levels or breaking. On iRO, when using HD Carnium or HD Bradium, the weapon or armor will not go under +10, so +10 is the Safe Limit when refining with HD Bradium and HD Carnium. Failing at +10 will result in the item staying at +10.

iRO/Subscription Server Success Chances

Success chance with normal metals

Chances to successfully refine an item on any iRO server (regardless of subscription status)[2] or any other server with safe levels (typically subscription servers) with normal metals are:

Upgrade Lv. 1 Lv. 2 Lv. 3 Lv. 4 Armor
+4 -> +5 100% 100% 100% 60% 60%
+5 -> +6 100% 100% 60% 40% 40%
+6 -> +7 100% 60% 50% 40% 40%
+7 -> +8 60% 40% 20% 20% 20%
+8 -> +9 40% 20% 20% 20% 20%
+9 -> +10 19% 19% 19% 9% 9%
+11 ~ +14 18% 18% 18% 8% 8%
+15 ~ +18 17% 17% 17% 7% 7%
+19 ~ +20 15% 15% 15% 5% 5%


Upgrade Lv. 1 Lv. 2 Lv. 3 Lv. 4 Armor
+0 -> +5 100% 100% 100% 60% 60%
+0 -> +6 100% 100% 60% 24% 24%
+0 -> +7 100% 60% 30% 9.6% 9.6%
+0 -> +8 60% 24% 6% 1.92% 1.92%
+0 -> +9 24% 4.8% 1.2% 0.384% 0.384%
+0 -> +10 4.56% 0.912% 0.228% 0.03456% 0.03456%

Success chance with enriched metals

Success chances using Enriched Oridecon/Elunium are:

Upgrade Lv. 1 Lv. 2 Lv. 3 Lv. 4 Armor
+4 -> +5 100% 100% 100% 90% 90%
+5 -> +6 100% 100% 90% 70% 70%
+6 -> +7 100% 90% 80% 70% 70%
+7 -> +8 90% 70% 40% 40% 40%
+8 -> +9 70% 40% 40% 40% 40%
+9 -> +10 30% 30% 30% 20% 20%

Note that red colored numbers mean no improvement over normal Oridecon or Elunium.


Upgrade Lv. 1 Lv. 2 Lv. 3 Lv. 4 Armor
+0 -> +5 100% 100% 100% 90% 90%
+0 -> +6 100% 100% 90% 63% 63%
+0 -> +7 100% 90% 72% 44.1% 44.1%
+0 -> +8 90% 63% 28.8% 17.64% 17.64%
+0 -> +9 63% 25.2% 11.52% 7.056% 7.056%
+0 -> +10 18.9% 7.56% 3.456% 1.4112% 1.4112%

Originally, the Blacksmith's skill Weaponry Research was believed to add 1% refining chance per skill level (up to 10% at skill level 10) to the Blacksmith. This has been proven to be false. However, the Mastersmith skill Upgrade Weapon will increase self-weapon refining chance by 0.5% per job level after job 50. At job 70 the smith has a +10% better chance to successfully refine a weapon than an upgrade NPC does.

Non-iRO/F2P Server Success Chances

This is the approximate upgrade success chances using regular metals on a server without safe upgrade limits, such as pRO Valkyrie/Valhalla and most other F2P servers (Cumulative chance with these figures from +0 in brackets):

Upgrade Lv. 1 Lv. 2 Lv. 3 Lv. 4 Armor
+0 -> +1 90% 90% 90% 90% 80%
+1 -> +2 90% (81%) 90% (81%) 90% (81%) 80% (72%) 80% (64%)
+2 -> +3 90% (73%) 90% (73%) 80% (65%) 80% (58%) 80% (51%)
+3 -> +4 90% (66%) 80% (58%) 80% (52%) 60% (35%) 60% (31%)
+4 -> +5 80% 80% 60% 60% 60% (18%)
+5 -> +6 80% 60% 60% 40% 40% (7%)
+6 -> +7 60% 60% 50% 40% 40% (3%)
+7 -> +8 60% 40% 20% 20% 20% (0.6%)
+8 -> +9 40% 20% 20% 20% 20% (0.1%)
+9 -> +10 20% 20% 20% 10% 10%

Success chance with enriched metals

Success chances using Enriched Oridecon/Elunium are:

Upgrade Lv. 1 Lv. 2 Lv. 3 Lv. 4 Armor
+0 -> +1 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%
+1 -> +2 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%
+2 -> +3 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%
+3 -> +4 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%
+4 -> +5 100% 100% 100% 60% 60%
+5 -> +6 100% 100% 60% 40% 40%
+6 -> +7 100% 60% 50% 40% 40%
+7 -> +8 60% 40% 20% 20% 20%
+8 -> +9 40% 20% 20% 20% 20%
+9 -> +10 20% 20% 20% 10% 10%

Note that red colored numbers mean no improvement over normal Oridecon or Elunium.

See Also

References

  1. http://www.playragnarok.com/news/eventdetail.aspx?id=139
  2. https://forums.warpportal.com/index.php?/topic/201269-good-morning-9-12-2016/?p=2502065