Skills

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Skills in Ragnarok Online are special actions a player can perform depending on his/her Job Class. There are two types of skills: Active and Passive. Active skills can be manually activated by the player, where some of them remain active for a set period of time, others can be manually deactivated, and some are one-time-use skills that require manual activation each time the player desires to use them. Passive skills are always in effect, they do not need input from the player to provide its benefit as long as the player has learned those skills.

Active skills can be broken down into 3 sub-categories: "Offensive", "Supportive" and "Active". Offensive skills are those that inflict damage to their selected targets or in a wide area. Supportive skills are those that provide helpful effects to other players, like boosting their offensive and defensive capabilities. Plainly Active skills are those that do not fit in the two forementioned categories and only affect the player or a certain area, usually for a set period of time.

Skill Phases

The skill usage is performed through the following phases:

Initiation
Skill name appears above the character's head.
Cast Time
A gauge appears above the character's head. If there is no Cast Time it is then executed instantaneously.
Execution
Skill name appears above the character's head again and its effect is triggered.
Cast Delay
All skills are temporarily grayed out after execution, blocking their use. Most skills have this value.
Cooldown
Only the skill used is temporarily grayed out after its execution, blocking their use. Not all skills have this value.

Cast Delay and Cooldown start at the same time. No skill can be used if there is still Cast Delay, and any other skill can be used if only Cooldown remains.

Initiation

This phase occurs when the character uses the skill. SP Cost and other requirements are checked, but do not take effect. If the character cannot fulfill the SP Cost or the other requirements, the skill will not activate.

Cast Time

During Cast Time, the character cannot move, attack, or use other skills. If the character takes damage during Cast Time, the skill is canceled (exceptions: wearing a Phen Card or Bloody Butterfly Card, being Sacrificed by a Crusader/Paladin/Royal Guard, or while casting certain skills). If a skill has no base Cast Time or modifiers reduce the effective Cast Time to 0 or less, no cast gauge appears and this phase is skipped entirely.

Cast Time is indicated by a "progress gauge" above the character's head, sometimes called "Cast Bar". The gauge starts out black and is filled with green as Cast Time proceeds. When the cast bar is completely green, Cast Time ends. Some skills do not have a cast bar, even though they have a casting time, such as Bowling Bash and Brandish Spear.

Cast Time is composed of "Variable Cast Time" (VCT) and "Fixed Cast Time" (FCT). As the names may imply, VCT depends on the stats and gear of the caster, while FCT is constant for a given skill. A small number of effects can reduce FCT. Effects which reduce FCT by a percentage do not stack; effects which reduce FCT by a set amount do stack, and are applied before percentage modifiers. For most skills, FCT is 20% of the total Cast Time, with the remainder being VCT.

VCT is reduced by DEX, and also INT at half the amount.

Calculation

Cast Time (seconds) = VCT + FCT
VCT (seconds) = BaseVCT × (1 − SQRT[{DEX × 2 + INT} ÷ 530]) × (1 − Sum_VCTReduc ÷ 100)
FCT (seconds) = (BaseFCT - Sum_FCT) × (1 − Max_FCTReduc ÷ 100)
  • BaseVCT = Base Variable Cast Time of a skill.
  • BaseFCT = Base Fixed Cast Time of a skill.
  • Sum_VCTReduc = Sum of reductions for Variable Cast Time, like Suffragium, Magic Strings, Isilla Card effect or Kathrene Keyon Card.
  • Sum_FCT = Sum of all effects that directly subtract from Fixed Cast Time (or add to it, like Mandragora Howling).
  • Max_FCTReduc = Highest reduction modifier of Fixed Cast Time (for example: if both Sacrament (50%) and Radius (20%) are active, only Sacrament will work)

Modifiers for Fixed Cast Time

Skill/Enchant Max Modifier Additional Notes
Sacrament Var See skill description
Radius Var See skill description
Mandragora Howling Var See skill description
Magic Essence Enchant Var See enchant description
Magic Enchant -1%
Special Stat Enchant -7% If upgrade level is +12 or higher
Item/Equipment Max Modifier Additional Notes
Nidhoggur Shadow Card -50% Headgear. Only for High Wizard & Warlock.
Fenrir Card -70% Headgear
Fenrir's Power Scroll -50% Lasts for 5 minutes.
Laphine Staff -1% per upgrade level
Temporal Dex Boots -0.5 second If base DEX is 120 or higher
Temporal Dex Boots [1]
Modified Dex Boots
Modified Dex Boots [1]
King of Spirit Circlet -7% per upgrade level (max 70%)
Valkyrie Drop [1] -100% Only for Oratio
Devil's Hand -100% Only for Lion's Howl
Dead Man Bandana [1] -7% per level of Esma known If upgrade level is +9 or higher
Lyrica Hat [1] -5% per level of Voice Lessons known.
Night Sparrow Hat [1] -5% per level of Voice Lessons known.
Shrine Maiden Hat [1] -100% Only for Magnus Exorcismus
Golden Bunny Band [1] -10% If upgrade level is +12 or higher
Glorious Fist -50%
Illusion Puente Robe [1] -3%
Celine's Brooch & Celine's Ribbon Set -50%
Celine's Brooch & Lush Rose Set -50%
Heart Wing Hairband & Love Piece Set -10%

Modifiers for Variable Cast Time

To reduce all VCT with stats, a character need a combination of DEX and INT so DEX ×2 and INT equal at least 530 ((DEX × 2 + INT) = 530).

Some examples how all VCT could be reduced:

Cast Time is only calculated once. It ignores changes to the modifiers during casting. This means it is possible to start casting and equip a Phen carded accessory afterwards to get the anti-interruption effect for most of the casting without the VCT increase.

Item/Skill Max Modifier Additional Notes
Magic Strings Var See skill description.
Suffragium −45% (SkillLv × 15)%
Foresight −50%
Bloody Butterfly Card +30% Accessory. Prevents interruption.
Phen Card +25% Accessory. Prevents interruption.
Beelzebub Card −30% Accessory.
Siroma Card -25% Accessory. Only for Cold Bolt
Imp Card -25% Accessory. Only for Fire Bolt
Tower Keeper Card −5% Headgear.
Dark Illusion Card −10% Headgear.
Kathryne Keyron Card Var Headgear. −UpgradeLv%
High Wizard Card +100% Headgear.
Dark Illusion and Dark Lord Card Set -10% Headgear and Footgear
Devil's Hand -50% Only for Lion's Howl and Summon Spirit Sphere. Upgrade level of +10 or higher.
Ascendant Crown [1] -20% Super Novice class only.
Cylinder Hairband [1] -100% Only for Cart Cannon
Harvester Hat [1] -100% Only for Cart Cannon
Dead Man Bandana [1] -4% per level of Esma known
Shrine Maiden Hat [1] -100% Only for Magnus Exorcismus
Gray Bunny Band [1] -10% If upgrade level is +12 or higher
UFO Poring Hat [1] -5% If upgrade level is +7 or higher
Chatty Parrot -1% for every 30 base INT
Long Tongue -3%
Tree Sprout -5%
Orleans's Gown [1] +15% Prevents interruption.
Antonio's Coat [1] -10%
Love Piece +0% Prevents interruption.
Gaia Shield [1] -5% If upgrade level is +8 or higher, and the users base Dex is 90 or higher.
Anemos Shield [1] -5% If upgrade level is +8 or higher, and the users base Dex is 90 or higher.
Nero Shield [1] -5% If upgrade level is +8 or higher, and the users base Dex is 90 or higher.
Skin of Lindwyrm [1] -2% for every 20 base AGI and VIT If upgrade level is +8 or higher
Airship's Cloak [1] -20%
Perverse Demon Mask [1] -1% for every 18 base VIT.
Imperial Glove [1] -10% Prevents interruption.
Valkyrie Drop [1] -10%
Sound Amplifier [1] -50%
Rebellion's Scarf [1] -10%
Celine's Brooch [1] -10%
Keraunos [1] -5% for every 15 base levels. Only for Lightning Ride
Mercenary Ring Type B -30% Novice, Taekwon, Ninja, Gunslinger Bonus
Ferlock's Cloak [1] -10%~35% Additional -10% at upgrade level +7 or higher, additional -10% at upgrade level +9 or higher, additional -5% at upgrade level +12 or higher
Wing Staff -5%
Caster Shadow Pendant -1%~4% If upgrade level is +7 or higher, reduces the variable casting time of skills by an additional 1%. If upgrade level is +9 or higher, reduces the variable casting time of skills by an additional 2%.
Evil Bone Wand & Skull Cap Set -10% If Evil Bone Wand upgrade level is +10 or higher
Mob Scarf Set -3% for every combined sum of 80 base INT and DEX
Memory of Lovers & Vesper Gear 04 Set -5%
New Year Hairpin & Bloody Butterfly Card Set -2%
Temporal Ring & Muscle Fool Enchant Set -20%
Spell Enchant Var See enchant description

Notes

  • Free Cast skill allows movement and attacking while casting.
  • Phen Card and Bloody Butterfly Card both allow taking damage without being interrupted, except during War of Emperium.
  • Sacrifice skill allows the target to take damage without being interrupted.
  • Certain skills cannot be interrupted. Generally those skills are intended to be used by classes on the front lines.
  • Although Bloody Butterfly Card adds 30% to VCT, the Mage Card Set substracts it by 15%, meaning that it would only be an end result of +15% vs. the Phen's +25%.
  • Magic Strings and Foresight are treated as separate factors in the calculation; they are not added to the other modifiers.

Execution

SP Cost and other requirements are checked again. If the character can fulfill all requirements, they are applied and the skill is triggered. Otherwise nothing happens. If the character is inside a Chat Room, the costs are applied as usual, but the skill is not triggered.

Cast Delay

During Cast Delay (or Global Skill Delay or After-cast Delay), the character can move and attack freely, but cannot use skills. There is no visible indication of Cast Delay except the grayed out skill icons of all skills in the Hotkey bar.

Calculation

Cast Delay (seconds) = BaseDelay × (1 − Sum_DelReduc ÷ 100)
  • BaseDelay = Base Cast Delay of a skill.
  • Sum_DelReduc = Sum of reductions for Cast Delay.

Modifiers

Item/Skill Max Modifier Additional Notes
Magic Strings Var See skill description.
Kiel-D-01 Card −30% Headgear
Humanoid Chimera Card & Material Type Chimera Card Set −3%
Diabolus Robe −10% Armor
Expert Ring −5% Accessory
Koneko Hat −3% Headgear (Upper)
Focus Beret [1] −100% Headgear (Upper)
Very Normal Hat [1] −15% Headgear (Upper). Upgrade level of +9 or higher
Baron's Evil Eye −5% Headgear (Middle)
New Wave Sunglasses −10% Headgear (Middle)
Bio Protector −5% Headgear (Middle)
Bio Protector & Pipe Set −5% Headgear (Middle and Lower)
Heart Wing Hairband [1] -5%, additional -3% per 3 upgrade levels Headgear (Upper)
Midgard Serpent Hat [1] -5%, if +10 decreases 10% Headgear (Upper)
UFO Poring Hat [1] -5% If upgrade level is +9 or higher
Prism Rangers Scarf -10% Garment. If Camouflage is at maximum level.
Skin of Gwiber [1] -1% for every combined sum of 20 base INT and DEX Garment
Upgrade Part - Engine [1] -10%~20% Garment. If upgrade level is +9 or higher, additional -10%.
Medical Scrubs [1] -10% Armor
Ritual Robe [1] -10% Armor
Tae Goo Lyeon [2] -20% Lord Knight and Paladin Jobs. Upgrade level of +9 or higher
Pilgrim Shoes -6% per level of Praefatio known Shoes
Fairy Leaf Powder [1] -5%~15% Expert Archer 1 Set Bonus:-5%. Expert Archer 2 Set Bonus:-5%.
Blacksmith's Gloves [1] -10% This accessory can only be equipped in the right accessory slot
Spirit King's Ring [1] -5% Accessory
Supplement Part Dex -10% Mechanic only
Perverse Demon Mask [1] -1% for every 18 base INT Accessory
Valkyrie Drop [1] -5% Accessory
Rebellion's Scarf [1] -1% per level of Fire Rain known Accessory
Shinobi Sash H[1] -5% Accessory
Glorious Apocalypse -5% Upgrade level of +9 or higher
Enforcer Cape [1] -5%~11% Additional 3% at upgrade level +7 or higher, additional 3% at upgrade level +9 or higher
Hypnotist's Staff & Magical Booster Set -10% If Hypnotist's Staff upgrade level is +10 or higher
Illusion Long Mace & Illusion Puente Robe Set -15% If the combined upgrade levels of Illusion Long Mace and Illusion Puente Robe are +22 or higher.
Peuz's Greaves, Peuz's Manteau, Peuz's Plate,
Peuz's Seal, & Storm Stone Set
-70% For 10 seconds duration after using Aura Blade
Temporal Ring & Speed of Light Enchant Set -30%
After Skill Delay Enchant -2%~6% Lv1 = -2%. Lv2 = -4%. Lv3 = -6%

Cooldown

During Cooldown (or Skill Re-use Delay), the character can move and attack freely, but cannot use the same skill again. There is no visible indication of Cooldown except the grayed out skill icon of the just used skill in the Hotkey bar.

Almost all 1st and 2nd Class skills have no Cooldown.

Modifiers

Item/Skill Max Modifier Additional Notes
Aeon Staff [2] Earth Strain: -1 second Upgrade level of +11 or higher
Arch Bishop Ring [1] Epiclesis: -10 seconds Set bonus with Cure Lv1
Bellum Bible [1] Clearance: -10 seconds
Lauda Agnus: -3 seconds
Lauda Ramus: -3 seconds
Upgrade level of +6 or higher
Black Ribbon [1] Wind Cutter: -1.8 seconds
Bow of Storm [1] Severe Rainstorm: -2 seconds
Contabass [2] Improvised Song: -2 seconds
Cure Lv1 High Heal: -3 seconds Enchant
Cute Grass Necklace [1] Tuna Party: -7 seconds
Devil's Hand Lion's Howl: -9.5 seconds Upgrade level of +10 or higher
Empowered Wand of Affection [1] Lauda Agnus: -3 seconds
Lauda Ramus: -3 seconds
Sacrament: -3 seconds
Affection (Empowered) Set Bonus
Focus Beret [1] Cursed Circle: +10 seconds
Tiger Cannon: +10 seconds
Gates of Hell: +1 second
Lightning Walk: +1 second
Gentle Touch-Cure: +3 seconds
Power Absorb : +3 seconds
Fresh Grass Necklace [1] Scar of Tarou: -5 seconds
Fresh Tuna Charm [1] Tuna Party: -5 seconds
Giant Lance Clashing Spiral: +20 seconds
Golden Ninja Suit Swirling Petal: -1 second Golden Ninja Suit, Golden Scarf & Huuma Shuriken of Dancing Petals Set Bonus
Iron Nail [2] Rampage Blast: -1 second Upgrade level of +11 or higher
Keraunos [1] Power Absorb: -3 seconds
Pilgrim Shoes Praefatio: -1 second
Prism Rangers Scarf No Limits: -180 second
Arrow Storm: -0.2 seconds
No Limits reductions only apply if Warg Ride is at maximum levels.
Rebellion's Scarf [1] Hit Barrel: -4 seconds
Shattering Storm: -0.1 seconds
Per level of Shattering Storm known.
Sea Captain Hat [1] Axe Boomerang: -1 second
Spirit King's Ring [1] Diamond Dust: -2 seconds
Earth Grave: -2 seconds
Varetyr Spear: -0.5 seconds
Warmer: -15 seconds
Supplement Part Dex Axe Boomerang: -2 seconds
Tornado Axe [1] Axe Tornado: -1 second
Wing Headphone [1] Metallic Sound: -2 seconds If upgrade level is +10 or higher

Skill Reset

A character's skills can be reset in a few ways:

  • Rebirthing to prepare for transcendent classes (can only done once, and does not apply to classes that cannot transcend).
  • The Hypnotist NPC in Prontera (146, 232) or Izlude (127,175) will currently reset a character's skills for free, provided they are base level 99 or below and have 0 weight.
  • A Neuralizer (Kafra Shop item) will reset a character's skills.
  • An event NPC called Mesmerizer will reset both stats and skills (only put in the game in certain situations). Sometimes other NPCs are put in that offer the same reset methods.

Notes

  • Even after doing a skill reset, a character cannot put 1st class skill points into 2nd class skills, or 2nd class skill points into 3rd class skills. The game will force the character to put all of their 1st class skill points into 1st class skills before the character is able to acquire 2nd class skill points and so on.
  • If a character promoted below the maximum Job Level, they will never be able to recover the lost points. Thus, it is always recommended to reach the max Job Level before promoting (although some players may choose to promote early before transcending as all stats and skills are reset anyway). For example:
    • If an Acolyte promoted to Priest at Job Level 45 instead of Job Level 50, they will still only get 44 skill points (instead of 49) out of the Acolyte skill points after doing a skill reset.
    • If a High Priest promotes to Arch Bishop at Job Level 67 instead of Job Level 70, they will still only get 66 skill points (instead of 69) out of the High Priest skill points after doing a skill reset.

See Also